Old English pattern of chessmen from mid-18th century was the style considered by English woodturners as standard, produced by them on noticable volume and so played across Georgian Britain.
Evolved as elaborate and more expensive version of old English pattern this style earned its name by the fact that George Washington owned (acquired in 17701780) a chess set very similar to this one.
Washington with new rooks
Attributes to one of the earliest chess sets from John Calvert (17911826) and bridges the gap between 18th century Washington sets and 19th century St George design.
St George Chess Club Chessmen
Massive, rigid and heavy pieces of this style were produced on a large scale throughout the 19th century. Conventional St George chessmen could be met on any ship, tavern or public place in Victorian England depicting its imperial glory.
Edinburgh Chess Club Chessmen
Invented under impression of classic Washington style, this design was popular until the end of the 19th century in northern Britain and also among naval captains. This design along with St George style inspired Cooke, Staunton and Jaques and led to their creation of Staunton set.
The apex of English chess evolution in the 19th century, Staunton chess style is currently (and probably for ever) the standard worldwide de-facto and the official chessmen style of all countries without exception and also FIDE’s official chess set for tournaments since 1924.